IEEE is an association which is considered to be the largest technical organization offering its advanced technology services for the betterment of the humanity. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers abbreviated as IEEE has its corporate office in New York City. In 1963 the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Radio Engineers amalgamated to form IEEE, which today has 400,000 members in the world. However, the roots of IEEE go way back into the history. In 1884, when electricity had a major significance in the society IEEE started to enroot. A brief account of its history has been delineated below.
It was the spring of 1884 that a faction of individuals belonging to electrical profession met and decided to form a new organization. The idea was to support the professionals in their related fields in order to flourish for the betterment of humanity. The first technical meeting of IEEE was held in Philadelphia, U.S.A. in the following October that year. IEEE consisted of tracts of different professionals relating to the fields such as information technology, physics, medical, software developers, and computer scientists. The founding president Norvin Green belonged to telegraphy. The leaders such as Alexander Graham and Thomas Edison came from fields of telephone industry and power respectively.
Soon Electric power flourished rapidly with enhancements such as long distance AC transmission and Ac induction motors. The primary focus of IEEE was power industry followed by telegraph, telephone, and wired communication. The benefits of its services and product delivery permeated local sections and student branches of engineers on a large scale.
IRE: The Foundation
When IEEE was mainly focused on power plants and electricity, a new industry was laying its bedrock with wireless telegraphy experiments of Guglielmo Marconi. In 1895-1896 the wireless telegraphy officially became radio. The new industry paved the way for a new society which came to be known as the Institute Of Radio Engineers. The IRE drew its model from IEEE and encouraged its members to exchange ideas using publications and conferences.
Clearly interests and adept of both the societies had a huge resemblance. The leadership from both the societies assisted its members to contribute to the innovations taking place in the field of electricity. As a result, electricity percolated into each and every sphere of life through computers, transistors, and radar. In the both the societies, the membership proliferated but IRE expanded faster in the beginning of 1940s. It became the largest group by 1957. The merger of both IRE and AIEE on 1963 led to the formation of IEEE. It had approximately 150,000 members, 93 percent of which were U.S. residents.
Growth and Global Development
With the passage of time, the responsibility of IEEE grew and it started to affect more and more people’s lives. By 21st century IEEE had 39 societies, 300 conferences held on an annual basis, 900 active standards and 130 transactions, magazines, and journals.
The area of its pursuit also dilated reaching the robotics, nanotechnology electronic materials and ultrasonic. With electricity becoming omniscient in everything IEEE became a global institution as it is known as today.